MOBILITY TO ROMANIA. NAROA: In the Basque Country people only wear traditional costumes during the festivals or at Christmas, specifically the day which Olentzero, who is like a Santa Claus for us, comes to our homes leaving presents under the Christmas tree. But in Romania many people use them every day. These festivals and dance teams make the Basque culture boost around young people. This is so important, because wearing those costumes and dancing all together, make people have a good time. Since we celebrate the Santo Tomas festival every year in our school, we have decided to bring a photograph taken by a group of students who were attending “Image and Sound” classes.

MOBILITY TO ROMANIA. ANATOLI. Adrian Damsescu, a doctor with a degree in Romance philology from the Complutense University in Madrid and nowadays teacher at the Transylvania University in Brasov, Romania, said on a trip to the Basque Country that a lot of words in Romanian language are so similar to some words in Euskara (Basque language), or they have a derivative word from a Basque lexeme. According to him, it happens because in the 3rd century, a lot of Basques emigrated to the imperial borders of Dacia. We looked for some examples and we found some of them. We discovered that a lot of words related to water, which in Basque is UR, had that lexeme or the same pronunciation, for example: Ud (wet), sURgau (mountain spring), tURtURic (icicle), abUR (steam)... Other words are puskatu (shoot) Pusca (Rifle), putz or purtz (fart)... Maybe right now all of you are thinking about what kind of relation all this has with the subject we are working, traditional costumes. The answer is easy. It is possible that around that century the Basque were wearing their traditional costumes and the Romanians could take some ideas for their own costumes, so we started to compare. We have known that there are so many types of traditional costumes in Romania. The same happens here. So we decided to compare the most important parts of a Romanian traditional costumes with the Basque ones: - Both of them are related to the villagers, they reflect the traditional life and their desire of freedom - In both cases they wear a shirt, even if the person is a woman or a man. - Women wear skirts, but in this case, while the Basque wear long ones, the Romanians wear shorter ones. - Boys wear long white trousers in both cases. - In the head girls of both countries wear scarfs. - Romanians boys wear traditional hats related to the old Dacia’s and the Basque wear a beret called “boina”. I want to underline that although we like it, all this is only a hypothesis.

MOBILITY TO ROMANIA NAROA: Hi, to everyone. We are the Basque group, Cristian, Anatoli and Naroa. When we were told that we had to research about the unification of the Romanian territories 100 years ago to conform the Romania we know these days and about the traditional costumes in those territories, in order to make a connection with the Basque traditional costumes, we did not know how to start. Some of the members of the group have Romanian parents. Thus, we researched the unification of Romania with their help. We have also made a connection between the unification of Romanian territories with the unification of our language.

MOBILITY TO ROMANIA CRISTIAN: In The Basque Country there have been different kinds of unifications too. The unification of our language is one of the most important ones we have experienced. As many of you surely know, in The Basque Country we speak the oldest language of Europe (Euskara). It is the only language with no Indo-European origin. Although the language has survived thousands of years, in the middle of the twentieth century it was in a difficult situation. On the one hand, it had suffered state repression, and on the other hand, it had not had any clear written rules about grammar, vocabulary and spelling. As a result, it was difficult to create the appropriate conditions for the correct development of the language. In order to turn the situation around and transform the Basque language into a modern language, a group of linguistics established the necessary rules creating a standard Basque language called “Euskara Batua” which could be used in formal communications. Thanks to “Euskara Batua” people from different parts of The Basque Country could communicate without difficulties, and the language has experienced a new period of expansion since then.

MOBILITY TO ROMANIA Cristian: Romania has had 3 unifications throughout history. The first one was in 1599 when a king called Mihai unified three counties: Moldavia, Wallachia and part of Transylvania, (what more or less is nowadays Romania) to fight against the Turkish. This union was only a year standing. The second union was in 1859 due to a person called Ion Cuza which at that time was the president. In this case, the unified territories were only Moldavia and Wallachia. That is why it is called the small union. Before this union, Moldavia had got a territory called Bessarabia, which was part of the Ottoman Empire when it was ruling Moldavia. The kingdom of Romania was conformed in this unification. In December of 1918, after the dissolution of the Austro Hungarian Empire, Transylvania and other territories joined The Romanian Kingdom. This union was in the Rumanian city of Alba Iulia. During the First World War and the Second World War Romania had been winning and losing territory because of the conflicts with the Russians and the Hungarians. The south part of the Rumanian coast was taken by the Hungarians and the north part of Romania was taken by the Russians.